TI Precision Labs - Op amps: Input and output limitations
Have you ever experienced unexpected signal output behavior of an op amp, such as clipping or other non-linear behavior?
The cause of this may be either input common-mode voltage limitations or output voltage swing restrictions. Understanding datasheet specifications in the context of real-world circuits will help you avoid experiencing this problem. An inside look at an op amp's input and output stages on different process technologies provides additional insight.
This video series covers the theory behind op amp input and output swing limitations, then applies it to a hands-on lab which includes TINA-TI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.