Riding Out Automotive Transients : Architecting Front End Power Conversion Stage for Automotive Off-Battery Loads
With rapidly expanding electronic content in latest generation of cars, there is an ever increasing need for power conversion from the car battery rail. The 12-V battery rail is subject to a variety of transients. This presents a unique challenge in terms of the power architecture for off-battery systems. This presentation introduces the different types of transients that occur in automotive battery rails, the causes of those transients, and the standards and specifications defining the test conditions for those transients.
Learn about MicroSiP power module construction and how they have greatly increased the power density of power supplies over the years. See the evolution of discrete power converters to their MicroSiP power module counterparts. Specific comparisons and tradeoffs for the TPS82130, TPS82085, and TPS82671 are discussed.
Why should you understand power management?
In today’s computing environment, CPUs, FPGAs, ASICs and even peripherals are growing increasingly complex and, consequently, so do their power delivery requirements. To handle the higher demands, multiphase regulators are becoming increasingly common on motherboards in many areas of computing--from laptops and tablets to servers and Ethernet switches. Designing with these regulators is more challenging than using conventional switchers and linear regulators, but the benefits of multiphase outweigh the complexity for high-performance power applications.
The below introductory section features a video briefly discussing what exactly multi-phase buck regulators are, what applications they're suited for, and some of the challenges associated with implementing them. Additionally, the listed resources dive a little deeper into the topics covered in the video, providing further instruction in the beginning of your multiphase journey.
In designing with multiphase, Carmen works through a six-phase design for powering the core voltage of a networking ASIC, Marketing Manager George Lakkas explains why multiphase converters are ideal for high currents, and TI engineers blog about common concerns and use contexts.
In testing in the lab, Carmen takes a six phase buck regulator through basic validation testing in the lab with plenty of tips and waveforms shared. Let Carmen show you how to test transient response, input and output ripple, phase stability, and thermal performance. Additionally, TI engineers blog about various lab tricks related to multiphase devices.
PCB layout tips to manage heat dissipation with your switching regulator
Another way to manage thermals is through IC packaging. Smaller and smaller packages continue to be introduced as output currents trend upward. Learn more about the packaging technologies that aid heat dissipation under these challenging conditions and enable high power density.
As switching converters have evolved, they have taken on a host of new features to operate more efficiently and quietly. To some, however, all these new features listed on the front page of the datasheet may seem foreign. This training series dives into those features to explain the true benefits of each and help you decide which are necessary for your power supply design. Specifically covered in this series are the buck converter topics of:
For noise-critical portable applications, such as GPS receivers, connectivity, and sensing, power supply designers always had to choose between longer battery run time (from higher efficiency) or higher signal chain performance (from the increased sensor sensitivity possible with a quieter power supply). For line-powered industrial or communications equipment applications, designers have been forced to dissipate significant amounts of power in LDOs to achieve the desired noise performance. Achieving both low noise and high efficiency was impossible.
DC/DC Power Modules are best known for being compact, highly-integrated power supply design options. This training series examines some of the lesser-known advantages of TI power modules:
- How do Power Modules simplify power supply design?
- Inductor withstand voltage
- High temperature storage testing