The first line of defense against tampering by bypassing current, reversing connections, and disconnecting leads is the meter case. Due to this, it is common for utilities to require some form of intrusion detection system to detect when someone opens a case. In this section, we will cover how to detect someone trying to open the case of a meter.
For anti-tampering, it is common to try to detect the presence of a strong magnet. In this section, we will cover the use of hall sensors for low-power detection of strong magnetic fields in three dimensions. Details on our magnetic tamper detection reference design, TIDA-00839, will be provided as well as some of the design considerations that were kept in mind when creating this reference design.
In this section, we will cover how to harden a meter against these magnetic tamper attacks by using shunts for current sensors. For poly-phase implementations, I will go over how to use isolated delta sigma modulators to add the necessary isolation to use shunt current sensors and create magnetically immune poly-phase energy measurement systems. The TIDA-00601 and TIDA-01094 reference designs, which show how to implement a poly-phase isolated shunt measurement system, will be discussed as well as the associated AMC1304 high-side power supplies used in these designs.
Gate driver design deep dive outline:
-Parasitics in gate driver-Gate driver soft/hard switching difference-Strong gate driver and MOSFET nonlinear COSS-Common mode transient immunity(CMTI), dV/dt and di/dt through parasitics L, and C?-How to separate power ground noise by PCB layout?-Power supply for isolated gate driver in UPS, server and Telecom system-TIDA and Experimental waveforms
In this training video, parasitics in the gate driver system is identified. Piece-wise linear switching sequence at turn on/off is illustrated. Reverse recovery introduced additional complexity on turn-on transition is explained with comparison of MOSFETs and IGBTs.
In this training video, soft switching ZVS converters, including totem-pole PFC and LLC resonant converter, is mentioned to improve all the all the issues of hard-switching, especially the reverse recovery of the diode. Differences of gate driver on hard-switching and soft-switching is highlighted and explained. New issues of soft switching, high turn-off current, is also discussed with strong gate driver to minimize the turn-off loss. LLC resonant converter turn-off loss mechanism is illustrated in depth.
This training video discusses the strong gate driver introduced high dv/dt and di/dt during turn-on and turn-off switching transition, and also illustrate the high dv/dt and di/dt introduced noise through the parasitic capacitance/inductance on high side level-shift and junction capacitance on the bootstrap diode. Solutions with new state-of-the-art gate driver and its key features are introduced and explained.
Before we dive into specific application-based examples of noise and EMI mitigation, let's start with the basics. What is noise? What is EMI? What is ripple? How are they measured? What are some common approaches to limiting their effects? This section discusses these topics with a more conceptual approach to serve as a primer for the rest of the series.
Now that we understand the sources of EMI and noise in switching regulators, and some of the common approaches to mitigating each, let's take a closer look at real-world examples of reducing their effects. In this section we will examine the impacts of various mitigation techniques to help you decide which approach makes the most sense in your design. Techniques covered in this discussion include external component placement, filter options and design, frequency manipulation via spread spectrum or dithering, snubbers, boot resistors, and more.
Noise and EMI can be detrimental to sensitive analog signal chain circuitry. For this reason, many engineers automatically default to linear regulators. But, in doing so, they are essentially trading one problem (noise) for another (heat dissipation). In this section we will discuss what types of signal chain loads can be driven directly by a switching regulator to get low noise and EMI without sacrificing efficiency. We will also discuss when a linear regulator is absolutely needed to reach levels of noise not possible with a switcher.
Because of the potential havoc that interference can wreak in radio and safety critical systems, automotive electronics are subject to the most stringent EMI standards- the most common being CISPR25 Class-5. The materials below provide a discussion around the sources of EMI in an automotive environment and a comprehensive blueprint to understanding how to minimize it's effects.
The purpose of this module is to develop interface switches and an LED so the robot can effectively detect wall collisions. Many sensors and actuators deploy LEDs, so understanding how they operate will be important to building your robot.
The presentation addresses the design consideration of USB Type-C power delivery. USB Type-C is the new trend of Industrial, automotive and personal electronics devices. In the training, audience will be able to learn more about USB Type-C power delivery (PD) requirement and understand architecture of USB Type-C PD, AC/DC power source.