Welcome to the world of Power Systems. The first part of the session focuses on Introduction to Power Systems, Goal of Power systems protection, fundamentals of Electricity, AC or DC, Importance of electricity, Power system voltage levels and consumers of electricity. Need and Complexities in protection of power system primary Equipment like Generators, Motors, Transformers and Circuit Breakers and finally analysis of what can go wrong on a transmission line.
Second part of the session explains use case for protection relay, the sequence of events during a fault, Fault Types and the approach for fault analysis. The Session also explains commonly used protection relays and application of different relays along the grid for protection of Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Industrial equipment, Evolution of protection relays from traditional mechanical, static and the current generation digital relays.
The third part of the session provides details on the need to focus on AC analog input module and its use cases in different types of protection relays, Different types of current sensors and the use cases for these sensors including key advantages and dis-advantages. Explains AC analog input module architecture including block diagram showing the critical products and EERD with different subsystems identified showing different approaches for designing an AC AIM.
Fourth part of the session explains representation of Voltage or Current waveforms in Time and frequency domain and also looks at the customer use case for application of Time or frequency domain Analysis. The session also explains different sampling approaches like Simultaneous sampling, Coherent sampling, Oversampling to improve system performance, criteria for ADC selection and choice between SAR and Delta-Sigma ADCs. There is a list of TI products that can be considered during the design of the AIM and finally provides overview for Focus ADCs for this session.
Design Details for TI design TIDA-00834 High Accuracy Analog Front End Using 16-Bit SAR ADC with ±10V Measurement Range Reference Design
Fifth part of the session will focus on providing detailed information on TIDA-00834 TI design. The initial slides cover Design Overview, Features, Key Components, test Setup, market differentiators, Block Diagram with links to relevant TI Designs, EVMs and TI product used in this design. Circuit representation and detailed description for ADC interface, Voltage and Current measurement and Power supply are provided. Graphs for Voltage and Current measurement accuracy are shown; along with collaterals and TI design links that can be referred by customers during design.
In this training series, we will touch the gate driver applications, fundamentals of low side gate driver, high- and low side gate driver and isolated gate driver. And we will surely go deep and help you understand the gate driver design considerations with TI reference design and the corresponding critical waveforms.
The first line of defense against tampering by bypassing current, reversing connections, and disconnecting leads is the meter case. Due to this, it is common for utilities to require some form of intrusion detection system to detect when someone opens a case. In this section, we will cover how to detect someone trying to open the case of a meter.
For anti-tampering, it is common to try to detect the presence of a strong magnet. In this section, we will cover the use of hall sensors for low-power detection of strong magnetic fields in three dimensions. Details on our magnetic tamper detection reference design, TIDA-00839, will be provided as well as some of the design considerations that were kept in mind when creating this reference design.
In this section, we will cover how to harden a meter against these magnetic tamper attacks by using shunts for current sensors. For poly-phase implementations, I will go over how to use isolated delta sigma modulators to add the necessary isolation to use shunt current sensors and create magnetically immune poly-phase energy measurement systems. The TIDA-00601 and TIDA-01094 reference designs, which show how to implement a poly-phase isolated shunt measurement system, will be discussed as well as the associated AMC1304 high-side power supplies used in these designs.
In this section, a summary of the entire “Anti-tamper Techniques to Thwart Attacks on Smart Meters” training module would be covered. This summary would cover the “Detecting case tamper attacks using inductive switches “, “Detecting magnetic tampering using hall-effect sensors “, and “Hardening a meter against magnetic tamper attacks “ sections of the training series. Links will be provided for the reference designs and design tools that were discussed during this training series.
This section of training videos will discuss what isolation is, the three types of isolators, and how they achieve isolation. This course teaches the fundamentals of isolation, including the basics of the technologies used by many different Texas Instruments isolation products. Then, build on the previous lesson by learning the most common isolation parameters, that are important to system designs and selecting the correct isolator product.
TI Precision Labs (TIPL) is the most comprehensive online classroom for analog signal chain designers. From foundational knowledge to advanced concepts, our logical, sequenced and comprehensive teaching approach is both intuitive and practical. The training series, which includes videos and downloadable reference materials, will deepen the technical expertise of experienced engineers and accelerate the development of those early in their career.