This section covers what is meter tampering, why is this a problem for utility providers, and some common ways a meter is tampered.
The first line of defense against tampering by bypassing current, reversing connections, and disconnecting leads is the meter case. Due to this, it is common for utilities to require some form of intrusion detection system to detect when someone opens a case. In this section, we will cover how to detect someone trying to open the case of a meter.
For anti-tampering, it is common to try to detect the presence of a strong magnet. In this section, we will cover the use of hall sensors for low-power detection of strong magnetic fields in three dimensions. Details on our magnetic tamper detection reference design, TIDA-00839, will be provided as well as some of the design considerations that were kept in mind when creating this reference design.
In this section, we will cover how to harden a meter against these magnetic tamper attacks by using shunts for current sensors. For poly-phase implementations, I will go over how to use isolated delta sigma modulators to add the necessary isolation to use shunt current sensors and create magnetically immune poly-phase energy measurement systems. The TIDA-00601 and TIDA-01094 reference designs, which show how to implement a poly-phase isolated shunt measurement system, will be discussed as well as the associated AMC1304 high-side power supplies used in these designs.
In this section, a summary of the entire “Securing Smart Meters from Attack with TI Analog” training module would be covered. This summary would cover the “Detecting case tamper attacks using inductive switches “, “Detecting magnetic tampering using hall-effect sensors “, and “Hardening a meter against magnetic tamper attacks “ sections of the training series. Links will be provided for the reference designs and design tools that were discussed during this training series.
Introductory video highlighting the topics reviewed in the LDO Basics Training Series. We will go over what LDO's are and analyze the important characteristics of LDO's. This series will also explain the impact of LDO's in power management and give examples of LDO applications. For more information go to http://ti.com/ldo. Stop by the "Support & training" tab for more LDO videos and visit the E2E forum to read what our experts have to say about LDO's.
In order for an LDO to operate normally, you need an output capacitor. A common issue when designing LDOs into an application is selecting the correct output capacitor. In this video, Wilson will explore the different considerations when selecting an output capacitor and how it may affect your LDO.
You can further improve your application’s performance when you consider thermals. An LDO’s nature is to regulate a voltage by turning excess power into heat, making this integrated circuit a good fit for low-power or small VIN-to-VOUT differential applications. With this in mind, choosing the right LDO with the right package is crucial to maximizing an application’s performance. Watch this video to understand how the smallest available package isn’t always the best match for the desired application.
How aggravating is it to pick up an electronic device that you’ve barely used, only to find that the battery is nearly or completely dead? If your device was just on standby or asleep, this may have happened because of a small but crucial specification: quiescent current. In this video, Wilson explores how LDOs are a simple solution to help boost the run time of any battery-driven device - for a few more seconds, minutes, hours or even days.
Understand the performance and tradeoffs of the traditional low noise and high efficiency approach of using a DC/DC followed by an LDO. Visualize other systems that could use the same approach, with the appropriate DC/DCs and LDOs in different packages and with different features.
Understand the performance and trade-offs of the traditional low noise and high efficiency approach of using a DC/DC followed by an LDO, through a deep dive into TIDA-01566. The size, quiescent current, efficiency, temperature rise, noise, and adaptability of three different approaches are compared: DC/DC + LDO, DC/DC only, and LDO only.
What you will learn in this webinar:
- How to achieve a low noise at a negative output voltage with the inverting buck topology
- Understanding how the buck output stage and filtered reference voltage attenuate noise
- The elimination of LDOs when powering data converters by utilizing these low-noise features
For noise-critical portable applications, such as GPS receivers, connectivity, and sensing, power supply designers always had to choose between longer battery run time (from higher efficiency) or higher signal chain performance (from the increased sensor sensitivity possible with a quieter power supply). For line-powered industrial or communications equipment applications, designers have been forced to dissipate significant amounts of power in LDOs to achieve the desired noise performance. Achieving both low noise and high efficiency was impossible.