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Applications Engineer Jason Tao discusses PFC basics, topology comparisons and design considerations to achieve a cost-optimized and efficient PFC design.
We are all well aware that the demand for Electric Vehicles (EV) is increasing rapidly. This eight-part training session begins with a description of a typical EV system in part 1. Part 2 is a brief description of how both Lead Acid and Lithium Ion batteries are charged. Part 3 focuses on the types of power factor and harmonic currents. Part 4 discusses power factor correction and the typical boost PFC stage. Part 5 concentrates on the Phase Shifted Full Bridge topology, including the reasons why it is used and a detailed description of how it operates.
The Phase Shifted Full Bridge (PSFB) has always been considered the best design for high power DC/DC conversion. However, a newer technology called Full Bridge LLC (FB-LLC) has recently been used and accepted for high power DC/DC conversion. In this 3 part series, we will go in-depth in discussing the pros and cons of both the PSFB and FB-LLC. We will then compare the basic problems between the PSFB and FB-LLC and give ideas on how to choose between the two given a certain application. Lastly, we will review some Reference Designs.