Welcome to the world of Power Systems. The first part of the session focuses on Introduction to Power Systems, Goal of Power systems protection, fundamentals of Electricity, AC or DC, Importance of electricity, Power system voltage levels and consumers of electricity. Need and Complexities in protection of power system primary Equipment like Generators, Motors, Transformers and Circuit Breakers and finally analysis of what can go wrong on a transmission line.
Second part of the session explains use case for protection relay, the sequence of events during a fault, Fault Types and the approach for fault analysis. The Session also explains commonly used protection relays and application of different relays along the grid for protection of Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Industrial equipment, Evolution of protection relays from traditional mechanical, static and the current generation digital relays.
The third part of the session provides details on the need to focus on AC analog input module and its use cases in different types of protection relays, Different types of current sensors and the use cases for these sensors including key advantages and dis-advantages. Explains AC analog input module architecture including block diagram showing the critical products and EERD with different subsystems identified showing different approaches for designing an AC AIM.
Fourth part of the session explains representation of Voltage or Current waveforms in Time and frequency domain and also looks at the customer use case for application of Time or frequency domain Analysis. The session also explains different sampling approaches like Simultaneous sampling, Coherent sampling, Oversampling to improve system performance, criteria for ADC selection and choice between SAR and Delta-Sigma ADCs. There is a list of TI products that can be considered during the design of the AIM and finally provides overview for Focus ADCs for this session.
Design Details for TI design TIDA-00834 High Accuracy Analog Front End Using 16-Bit SAR ADC with ±10V Measurement Range Reference Design
Fifth part of the session will focus on providing detailed information on TIDA-00834 TI design. The initial slides cover Design Overview, Features, Key Components, test Setup, market differentiators, Block Diagram with links to relevant TI Designs, EVMs and TI product used in this design. Circuit representation and detailed description for ADC interface, Voltage and Current measurement and Power supply are provided. Graphs for Voltage and Current measurement accuracy are shown; along with collaterals and TI design links that can be referred by customers during design.
TI’s op amp specs are generally better than or equal to nearly all of the legacy part specs. Whether your focus is on personal electronics, industrial or medical, every engineer interested in learning how to combat the problem of why our higher performance, lower cost op amps sometimes don’t work in legacy sockets should view this training. Learn from a training structured “definition by example”, based on real world cases to de-mystify these “TI doesn’t work in my legacy socket” occurrences.
What is this training series about? Is it right for me?
These introduction videos give the background on the TI Precision Labs and explain their broad appeal to engineers of all experience levels. The second video introduces the National Instruments VirtualBench which is recommended for use in the hands-on labs accompanying the training modules.
How well do you know the major contributors to DC op amp input errors?
Have you ever experienced unexpected signal output behavior of an op amp, such as clipping or other non-linear behavior?
The cause of this may be either input common mode voltage limitations or output voltage swing restrictions. Understanding data sheet specifications in the context of real world circuits will help you avoid experiencing this problem. An inside look at an op amp's input and output stages on different process technologies provides additional insight.
How hot is too hot? Does my circuit need a heat sink?
This series discusses the relationship between power dissipation and temperature in op amps and shows how to calculate an amplifier's junction temperature under a variety of operating conditions using its thermal model. Absolute maximum ratings and internal thermal protection schemes are also introduced.
Did you know when calculating op amp bandwith you should always use the non-inverting gain? Do you know why bandwidth impacts Iq?
In addition to answering those questions, we will show you nearly everything you ever wanted to know about op amp bandwidth including:
True or False? A large and rapid voltage change in an op amp's output is always limited by the slew rate of the device.
If you think the answer is true, or you have seen output slew behavior you could not explain, this session is for you! We will provide an explanation of large and small signal analysis, slew boost, slew rate over temperature, slew rate vs. full power bandwidth, and the relationship of Vos and slew rate. In addition, an inside the op amp view of the cause of slew rate limit is presented.
Rejection can be a good thing, especially in the case of common mode or power supply voltage errors.
This video series discusses how changing the common mode voltage or power supply voltage on an op amp can introduce errors at both AC and DC, and how those errors are mitigated by the op amp's built-in common mode rejection and power supply rejection.
Did you know that a standard resistor component sitting upon your desk doing "nothing" is actually generating noise?
Distortion - a linear circuit's worst enemy. Where does it come from and how can it be reduced?
This video series introduces the sources of distortion in amplifier circuits, both internal to the amplifier and from external components. Design practices which minimize distortion are also given.
Did the circuit you designed to create a precision DC output end up as an oscillator?
After viewing this series, you should have all of the tools and information to prevent this from happening again! This session covers basic stability theory, applies it to SPICE simulations, and then real-world lab experiments. You will learn the common causes of op amp stability issues as well as common stability compensation techniques and their associated tradeoffs.
Oops, what's that smell: why did the "smoke test" fail?
This series covers the causes of electrical overstress and introduces several methods that can be used to improve and test circuit robustness against electrical overstress. All of the examples in this series show op-amp circuits, but the methods used could be applied to other components as well.
My application circuit doesn't work! What should I do now?
This video series gives recommendations for best practice application debugging techniques. Various engineering checks are outlined to help determine the root cause of an issue.
For more detailed amplifier troubleshooting videos, check out the Linear Amplifier Troubleshooting Training Series.
ZAP! Is your circuit protected against the thousands of volts which could be on your finger tips?
This series explains how electrostatic discharge, or ESD, can damage semiconductor components and what kind of internal protection circuitry is present in these devices.