1.3 Systems Made Simple Part 3: Isolation in Solar Inverters
Isolators are one of the key electronic components used in a solar inverter. They enable communication between low-voltage, sensitive control circuitry, such as microcontrollers, and components connected to high voltage, such as power transistors and sense elements. They also provide a safety barrier for human accessible interfaces and connectors. When it comes to power paths in Solar Inverters, we notice three key trends:
- Higher power string and centralized inverters are moving towards higher bus voltages enabling the system to deliver higher power, while keeping the current levels the same
- Reducing transition times in the DC-AC switching stage to minimize the duration that the IGBTs spend in high impedance
- Increasing PWM switching frequency in the DC-AC stage to reduce the size and cost of the magnetics in the design (for example the inductive EMI filters)
Considering these trends, learn the top three parameters that need to be considered when selecting an isolator for a solar inverter design.
Visit www.ti.com/iso to view TI’s solar inverter isolation portfolio.