TI Precision Labs  ADCs
TI Precision Labs is the electronics industry’s most comprehensive online classroom for analog engineers. The ondemand courses and tutorials include introductory ideas about device architecture in addition to advanced, applicationspecific problemsolving, using both theory and practical knowledge. Use these handson courses to predict circuit performance and move seamlessly from abstract concepts to specific formulae in an easytofollow format. Industry experts present each topic in order to help reduce design time and move quickly from proofofconcept to productization.
The ADC (analogtodigital converter or A/D converter) curriculum is segmented into major topic learning categories, each of which contains short training videos, multiple choice quizzes, and short answer exercises.
For a list of additional training topics, see the TI Precision Labs  Overview page.
Table of contents
 1. Introduction to AnalogtoDigital Converters (ADCs)
 2. AnalogtoDigital Converter (ADC) Drive Topologies
 3. Error and Noise
 4. AC Specifications
 5. SAR ADC Input Driver Design
 6. Driving the Reference Input on a SAR ADC
 7. Lowpower SAR ADC System Design
 8. Electrical Overstress on Data Converters
 9. HighSpeed AnalogtoDigital Converter (ADC) Fundamentals
Additional information
1. Introduction to AnalogtoDigital Converters (ADCs)
These videos describe the key specifications listed in an analogtodigital converter data sheet.
#  Title  Duration  

1.1 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: DC Specifications – Input Capacitance, Leakage Current, Input Impedance, Reference Voltage Range, INL, and DNL
This video highlights the key DC specifications of analogtodigital converters (ADCs).

14:23  This video highlights the key DC specifications of analogtodigital converters (ADCs).  
1.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: AC & DC Specifications – Offset Error, Gain Error, CMRR, PSRR, SNR, and THD
This video describes offset error, gain error, CMRR, PSRR, SNR, and THD.

11:01  This video describes offset error, gain error, CMRR, PSRR, SNR, and THD. 
2. AnalogtoDigital Converter (ADC) Drive Topologies
These videos describe the different types frontend topologies that can be used to drive the input signal of an ADC.
#  Title  Duration  

2.1 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: SAR ADC Input Types
This video highlights the different input types for ADCs.

11:46  This video highlights the different input types for ADCs.  
2.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Determining a SAR ADC’s Linear Range when using Operational Amplifiers
This video shows how to design the frontend opamp drive circuit for linear operation.

17:19  This video shows how to design the frontend opamp drive circuit for linear operation.  
2.3 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Handson Experiment – Crossover Distortion
This handson experiment shows how the frontend driver impacts SAR ADC performance.

11:37  This handson experiment shows how the frontend driver impacts SAR ADC performance.  
2.4 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Determining a SAR ADC’s Linear Range when using Instrumentation Amplifiers
This video shows how to design a frontend instrumentation amplifier drive circuit for linear operation.

09:17  This video shows how to design a frontend instrumentation amplifier drive circuit for linear operation.  
2.5 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Driving a SAR ADC with a Fully Differential Amplifier
This video explains how to design ADC drive circuits using fully differential amplifiers, or FDAs.

13:38  This video explains how to design ADC drive circuits using fully differential amplifiers, or FDAs. 
3. Error and Noise
These videos describe how to calculate error and noise of analogtodigital converters (ADCs).
#  Title  Duration  

3.1 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Statistics Behind Error Analysis
This video covers the statistical implication of the typical and maximum data sheet specification values.

07:02  This video covers the statistical implication of the typical and maximum data sheet specification values.  
3.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Understanding and Calibrating the Offset and Gain for ADC Systems
This video discusses how gain and offset errors can be calculated and eliminated through calibration.

13:22  This video discusses how gain and offset errors can be calculated and eliminated through calibration.  
3.3 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Using SPICE Monte Carlo Tool for Statistical Error Analysis
This video shows how the TINASPICE Monte Carlo analysis can be used for statistical error analysis.

07:09  This video shows how the TINASPICE Monte Carlo analysis can be used for statistical error analysis.  
3.4 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Calculating the Total Noise for ADC Systems
This video walks through how to predict the overall system noise for an ADC, amplifier, and reference.

10:11  This video walks through how to predict the overall system noise for an ADC, amplifier, and reference.  
3.5 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Handson Experiment – ADC Noise
This handson experiment shows how the frontend driver is impacted by resistor thermal noise.

16:35  This handson experiment shows how the frontend driver is impacted by resistor thermal noise. 
4. AC Specifications
These videos describe how to analyze analogtodigital converter (ADC) performance specifications that are measured using ac input signals, such as SNR, THD, SINAD, and SFDR.
#  Title  Duration  

4.1 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Introduction to Frequency Domain
This video introduces the concept of the frequency domain.

11:18  This video introduces the concept of the frequency domain.  
4.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Fast Fourier Transforms (FFTs) and Windowing
This video introduces the FFT as well as the concept of windowing to minimize error sources.

10:46  This video introduces the FFT as well as the concept of windowing to minimize error sources.  
4.3 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Coherent Sampling and Filtering to Improve SNR and THD
This video introduces the concept of coherent sampling and filtering for accurate characterization.

06:59  This video introduces the concept of coherent sampling and filtering for accurate characterization.  
4.4 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Aliasing and Antialiasing Filters
This video introduces the concept of frequency domain aliasing and why antialiasing filters are needed.

13:19  This video introduces the concept of frequency domain aliasing and why antialiasing filters are needed.  
4.5 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Handson Experiment – Aliasing and AntiAliasing Filters
This handson experiment demonstrates aliasing and the effect of antialiasing filters.

24:55  This handson experiment demonstrates aliasing and the effect of antialiasing filters. 
5. SAR ADC Input Driver Design
These videos describe how to design the input driver circuitry for a successive approximation register analogtodigital converter (SAR ADC).
#  Title  Duration  

5.1 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Introduction to SAR ADC FrontEnd Component Selection
This video describes how to select the best external components to achieve optimal ADC performance.

17:37  This video describes how to select the best external components to achieve optimal ADC performance.  
5.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Selecting and Verifying the Driver Amplifier
This video walks through the process of selecting the driver amplifier and verifying its SPICE model.

09:02  This video walks through the process of selecting the driver amplifier and verifying its SPICE model.  
5.3 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Building the SAR ADC Model
This video walks through the process of creating a TINA Spice Model for a SAR ADC.

12:17  This video walks through the process of creating a TINA Spice Model for a SAR ADC.  
5.4 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Refine the Rfilt and Cfilt Values
This video walks through the process for optimizing the selection of the external R and C values.

13:43  This video walks through the process for optimizing the selection of the external R and C values.  
5.5 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Final SAR ADC Drive Simulations
This video shows the simulation results using the external R and C components from the previous videos.

06:36  This video shows the simulation results using the external R and C components from the previous videos.  
5.6 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Handson Experiment – Amplifier Settling and Charge Bucket Filter Design
This handson experiment shows how to simulate ADC settling time and then measure the impact different amplifiers and charge buckets have on THD and S...

22:03  This handson experiment shows how to simulate ADC settling time and then measure the impact different amplifiers and charge buckets have on THD and S...  
5.7 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Math Behind the RC Component Selection
This video walks through the mathematical algorithm used in the ADC SAR Drive Calculator.

06:10  This video walks through the mathematical algorithm used in the ADC SAR Drive Calculator. 
6. Driving the Reference Input on a SAR ADC
The goal of this section is to cover reference specifications, gain a deeper understanding of the SAR voltage reference behavior, and develop methods for driving the reference input that minimize error.
#  Title  Duration  

6.1 
TI Precision Labs  ADCs: Voltage Reference Overview
This section covers reference specifications, to gain a deeper understanding of how the voltage reference impacts the performance of the ADC system.

12:13  This section covers reference specifications, to gain a deeper understanding of how the voltage reference impacts the performance of the ADC system.  
6.2 
TI Precision Labs  ADCs: Overview of Reference Drive Topologies
This video introduces the reference buffer and other reference drive topologies, and how they impact ADC performance.

14:27  This video introduces the reference buffer and other reference drive topologies, and how they impact ADC performance.  
6.3 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: SAR Reference Input – The CDAC
The video provides insight into the origin of transient current pulses on the reference input of the SAR ADC.

09:58  The video provides insight into the origin of transient current pulses on the reference input of the SAR ADC.  
6.4 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Understanding the SAR Reference Input Model
In this section we gain a basic understanding of a custom SAR ADC reference input SPICE model based on datasheet parameters.

13:24  In this section we gain a basic understanding of a custom SAR ADC reference input SPICE model based on datasheet parameters.  
6.5 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Developing the SAR Reference Input Model
This section shows how to configure all the different components in the model to verify the ADC reference input settling performance.

18:55  This section shows how to configure all the different components in the model to verify the ADC reference input settling performance.  
6.6 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Handson Experiment – Reference Drive
This handson experiment looks at the impact of reference bandwidth on ADC AC and DC performance.

20:41  This handson experiment looks at the impact of reference bandwidth on ADC AC and DC performance. 
7. Lowpower SAR ADC System Design
These videos describe how to design a lowpower data acquisition system using a successive approximation register analogtodigital converter (SAR ADC).
#  Title  Duration  

7.1 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: SAR ADC Power Scaling
This video highlights the considerations for lowpower system design.

18:54  This video highlights the considerations for lowpower system design.  
7.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: Handson Experiment – System Power Scaling
This handson experiment shows the impact that ADC sampling rate has on the system power consumption.

13:54  This handson experiment shows the impact that ADC sampling rate has on the system power consumption. 
8. Electrical Overstress on Data Converters
#  Title  Duration  

8.1 
EOS and ESD on ADC
This video starts with an introduction of electrical overstress, abbreviated EOS, and Electrostatic Discharge.

16:00  This video starts with an introduction of electrical overstress, abbreviated EOS, and Electrostatic Discharge.  
8.2 
TI Precision Labs – ADCs: External EOS Protection Devices
This presentation covers a short review of external devices that can be used to protect data converters from electrical overstress.

10:33  This presentation covers a short review of external devices that can be used to protect data converters from electrical overstress.  
8.3 
TI Precision Labs – Import Diode's PSpice Model into TINA
In this presentation we will cover a method for importing a SPICE netlist into TINA.

03:56  In this presentation we will cover a method for importing a SPICE netlist into TINA. 
9. HighSpeed AnalogtoDigital Converter (ADC) Fundamentals
#  Title  Duration  

9.1 
Understanding and Comparisons of HighSpeed AnalogtoDigital (ADC) and DigitaltoAnalog (DAC) Converter Architectures
Overview of highspeed data converter architectures: pipeline, interleaved, Successive Approximation Register (SAR), DAC current source and current si...

18:40  Overview of highspeed data converter architectures: pipeline, interleaved, Successive Approximation Register (SAR), DAC current source and current si...  
9.2 
The Impact of Jitter on Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for HighSpeed AnalogtoDigital Converters (ADCs)
Considerations of Clock jitter, the impact on SNR, how to calculate it and minimize noise degradation for HighSpeed AnalogtoDigital Converters.

08:00  Considerations of Clock jitter, the impact on SNR, how to calculate it and minimize noise degradation for HighSpeed AnalogtoDigital Converters.  
9.3 
Understanding Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Noise Spectral Density (NSD) in High Speed Data Converters
Concepts of Signal to Noise Ratio and Noise Spectral Density; an example on how NSD is used to estimate the DAC output as it pertains to noise floor.

14:32  Concepts of Signal to Noise Ratio and Noise Spectral Density; an example on how NSD is used to estimate the DAC output as it pertains to noise floor.  
9.4 
Bandwidth vs. Frequency  Subsampling Concepts
Learn more about subsampling concepts pertaining to bandwidth vs. frequency, including: Nyquist frequency, aliasing, undersampling, and input bandwid...

09:17  Learn more about subsampling concepts pertaining to bandwidth vs. frequency, including: Nyquist frequency, aliasing, undersampling, and input bandwid...  
9.5 
Sampling Rate vs Data Rate, Decimation (DDC) and Interpolation (DUC) Concepts in High Speed Data Converters
Explore the differences between sample rate and data rate and use decimation or interpolation to decrease or increase the data rate.

18:41  Explore the differences between sample rate and data rate and use decimation or interpolation to decrease or increase the data rate.  
9.6 
Frequency and Sample Rate Planning: Understanding Sampling, Nyquist zones, Harmonics and Spurious Performance in HighSpeed ADCs
The concepts and benefits of frequency planning for high speed ADC systems are covered, including sampling rate vs. Nyquist, harmonics and spurs.

04:25  The concepts and benefits of frequency planning for high speed ADC systems are covered, including sampling rate vs. Nyquist, harmonics and spurs.  
9.7 
High Speed Data Converter Signal Processing: Real and Complex Modulation
This video covers phase and amplitude modulation, introduces the concepts of real and complex modulation and provides an example modulation use case.

15:45  This video covers phase and amplitude modulation, introduces the concepts of real and complex modulation and provides an example modulation use case. 