TI Precision Labs  Op Amps
TI Precision Labs is the electronics industry’s first comprehensive online classroom for analog engineers. The ondemand curriculum pairs theory and applied lab exercises to deepen the technical expertise of experienced engineers and accelerate the development of those early in their career. This free modular curriculum includes more than 40 handson trainings and lab videos, covering analog amplifier design considerations with online course work.
The curriculum is segmented into major topic learning categories, each of which contains short training videos, multiple choice quizzes, short answer exercises, and handson lab exercises.
Table of contents
 1. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Introduction
 2. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input Offset Voltage and Input Bias Current
 3. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input and Output Limitations
 4. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Power and Temperature
 5. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth
 6. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Slew Rate
 7. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Common Mode Rejection and Power Supply Rejection
 8. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise
 9. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Low Distortion Design
 10. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability
 11. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: ESD
 12. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrical Overstress (EOS)
 13. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Basics of Multiplexers
Additional information
1. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Introduction
What is this training series about? Is it right for me?
These introduction videos give the background on the TI Precision Labs and explain their broad appeal to engineers of all experience levels. The second video introduces the National Instruments VirtualBench which is recommended for use in the handson labs accompanying the training modules.
#  Title  Duration  

1.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Introduction
TI Precision Labs is the electronics industry’s first comprehensive online classroom for analog engineers. The ondemand curriculum pairs theory and applied...

05:24  TI Precision Labs is the electronics industry’s first comprehensive online classroom for analog engineers. The ondemand curriculum pairs theory and applied...  
1.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: National Instruments VirtualBench Overview
TI Precision Labs™ is the electronics industry’s first comprehensive online classroom for analog engineers. The ondemand curriculum pairs theory and applied...

07:23  TI Precision Labs™ is the electronics industry’s first comprehensive online classroom for analog engineers. The ondemand curriculum pairs theory and applied... 
2. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input Offset Voltage and Input Bias Current
How well do you know the major contributors to DC op amp input errors?
Understanding input voltage offset and input bias current specifications at room temperature are pretty straight forward. However, what happens when the impact of temperature enters the picture? How do you correctly interpret and apply the statistical distribution in datasheet graphs for these parameters to your overall error analysis? You will walk away from this session with a thorough understanding of the two major contributors to DC op amp input errors: input voltage offset (Vos) and input bias current (Ib). We will go deeper than just the specifications and into how different input stage topologies and silicon process technologies impact Vos and Ib.
This video series covers op amp input voltage offset and input bias current theory, then applies it to a handson lab which includes TINATI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.
#  Title  Duration  

2.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Vos and Ib
This is the first of two videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier input offset voltage and output limitations....

14:45  This is the first of two videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier input offset voltage and output limitations....  
2.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Vos and Ib  Lab
This is the second of two videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier input offset voltage and output limitations....

12:22  This is the second of two videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier input offset voltage and output limitations.... 
3. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input and Output Limitations
Have you ever experienced unexpected signal output behavior of an op amp, such as clipping or other nonlinear behavior?
The cause of this may be either input common mode voltage limitations or output voltage swing restrictions. Understanding data sheet specifications in the context of real world circuits will help you avoid experiencing this problem. An inside look at an op amp's input and output stages on different process technologies provides additional insight.
This video series covers the theory behind op amp input and output swing limitations, then applies it to a handson lab which includes TINATI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.
#  Title  Duration  

3.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input and Output Limitations 1
This TI Precision Labs  OpAmps Series training video addresses operational amplifier input and output limitations. In this video we’ll discuss op amp...

09:28  This TI Precision Labs  OpAmps Series training video addresses operational amplifier input and output limitations. In this video we’ll discuss op amp...  
3.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input and Output Limitations  Lab
This is the second video in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier input and output limitations. In this video...

11:08  This is the second video in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier input and output limitations. In this video...  
3.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input and Output Limitations 2
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses op amp input and output limitations, part 2. In this video, we’ll discuss the details...

14:41  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses op amp input and output limitations, part 2. In this video, we’ll discuss the details...  
3.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Input and Output Limitations 3
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses op amp input and output limitations, part 3. In this video, we'll discuss the details...

13:06  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses op amp input and output limitations, part 3. In this video, we'll discuss the details... 
4. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Power and Temperature
How hot is too hot? Does my circuit need a heat sink?
This series discusses the relationship between power dissipation and temperature in op amps and shows how to calculate an amplifier's junction temperature under a variety of operating conditions using its thermal model. Absolute maximum ratings and internal thermal protection schemes are also introduced.
#  Title  Duration  

4.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Power and Temperature
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video addresses relationship between power and temperature in operational amplifiers. In this video,...

17:30  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video addresses relationship between power and temperature in operational amplifiers. In this video,... 
5. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth
Did you know when calculating op amp bandwith you should always use the noninverting gain? Do you know why bandwidth impacts Iq?
In addition to answering those questions, we will show you nearly everything you ever wanted to know about op amp bandwidth including:
 Learn how Aol, loop gain, and 1/beta are used on bode plots to predict amplifier performance over frequency.
 Derive equations for the locations of poles and zeros using resistors, capacitors, and amplifier frequency limitations.
 Practice techniques for plotting poles and zeros on bode plots, and cover graphical and mathematical computations for closed loop bandwidth.
 Study how the time domain is related to the frequency domain using bode plots and scope results.
 Understand the relationship between bandwidth and Iq by using simplified models of the amplifier’s internal circuits.
This video series covers op amp bandwidth theory, then applies it to a handson lab which includes TINATI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.
#  Title  Duration  

5.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth 1
This is the first of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we’ll...

22:54  This is the first of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we’ll...  
5.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth 2
This is the second of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we’ll...

13:36  This is the second of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we’ll...  
5.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth 3
This is the third of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we discuss...

15:05  This is the third of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we discuss...  
5.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth 4
This is the fourth of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we’ll...

15:31  This is the fourth of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training, we’ll...  
5.5 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Bandwidth  Lab
This is the fifth of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training lab we...

05:59  This is the fifth of five videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier bandwidth. In this training lab we... 
6. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Slew Rate
True or False? A large and rapid voltage change in an op amp's output is always limited by the slew rate of the device.
If you think the answer is true, or you have seen output slew behavior you could not explain, this session is for you! We will provide an explanation of large and small signal analysis, slew boost, slew rate over temperature, slew rate vs. full power bandwidth, and the relationship of Vos and slew rate. In addition, an inside the op amp view of the cause of slew rate limit is presented.
This video series covers op amp slew rate theory, then applies it to a handson lab which includes TINATI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.
#  Title  Duration  

6.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Slew Rate 1
This is the first of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. In this training, we discuss...

10:32  This is the first of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. In this training, we discuss...  
6.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Slew Rate 2
This is the second of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. In this training, we discuss...

13:51  This is the second of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. In this training, we discuss...  
6.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Slew Rate 3
This is the third of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. In this training, we take...

11:22  This is the third of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. In this training, we take...  
6.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Slew Rate  Lab
This is the fourth of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. This training is a lab...

06:26  This is the fourth of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier slew rate. This training is a lab... 
7. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Common Mode Rejection and Power Supply Rejection
Rejection can be a good thing, especially in the case of common mode or power supply voltage errors.
This video series discusses how changing the common mode voltage or power supply voltage on an op amp can introduce errors at both AC and DC, and how those errors are mitigated by the op amp's builtin common mode rejection and power supply rejection.
#  Title  Duration  

7.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Common Mode Rejection
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses how changing the common mode voltage on op amps introduces a common mode rejection error...

08:25  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses how changing the common mode voltage on op amps introduces a common mode rejection error...  
7.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Power Supply Rejection
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses how changing the power supply voltage on op amps can introduce a power supply rejection...

10:07  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses how changing the power supply voltage on op amps can introduce a power supply rejection... 
8. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise
Did you know that a standard resistor component sitting upon your desk doing "nothing" is actually generating noise?
Understanding noise in a realworld circuit is critical to achieving your overall system noise performance goal, but noise calculations are complicated and often require long hand calculations. After viewing this series and completing the associated exercises, you will be an op amp noise expert! You will be able to quickly calculate the noise of your circuit through five "rules of thumb" that drastically reduce the complexity of noise calculations. We will also show you how to simulate your circuit to validate your hand calculations. What if the op amp does not have a noise model? Don't worry  we'll show you how easy it is to create your own! Finally, we will demonstrate noise test techniques and take realworld noise measurements.
This video series covers op amp noise theory, then applies it to a handson lab which includes TINATI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.
#  Title  Duration  

8.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 1
This is the first of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. The noise videos series will...

14:23  This is the first of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. The noise videos series will...  
8.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 2
This is the second of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In this training, we continue...

11:46  This is the second of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In this training, we continue...  
8.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 3
This is the third of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In this training, continue...

07:49  This is the third of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In this training, continue...  
8.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 4
This is the fourth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training we...

16:22  This is the fourth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training we...  
8.5 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 5
This is the fifth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training we...

10:52  This is the fifth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training we...  
8.6 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 6
This is the sixth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training we...

07:52  This is the sixth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training we...  
8.7 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 7
This is the seventh of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. Up to this point in the noise...

15:55  This is the seventh of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. Up to this point in the noise...  
8.8 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise 8
This is the eighth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training videos...

16:51  This is the eighth of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In the previous training videos...  
8.9 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Noise  Lab
This is the last of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In this training lab will walk...

13:10  This is the last of nine videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier noise. In this training lab will walk... 
9. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Low Distortion Design
Distortion  a linear circuit's worst enemy. Where does it come from and how can it be reduced?
This video series introduces the sources of distortion in amplifier circuits, both internal to the amplifier and from external components. Design practices which minimize distortion are also given.
#  Title  Duration  

9.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Low Distortion Design 1
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video introduces and defines the key topics related to op amp distortion. The goal of this series is to understand...

11:49  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video introduces and defines the key topics related to op amp distortion. The goal of this series is to understand...  
9.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Low Distortion Design 2
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses distortion sources from the op amp's internal input stage, focusing on the effects of...

19:28  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses distortion sources from the op amp's internal input stage, focusing on the effects of...  
9.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Low Distortion Design 3
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video focuses on sources of distortion from an op amp's internal output stage, including the effects of...

13:59  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video focuses on sources of distortion from an op amp's internal output stage, including the effects of...  
9.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Low Distortion Design 4
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses external sources of distortion, such as resistors, capacitors, and power supply imped...

13:29  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps Series training video discusses external sources of distortion, such as resistors, capacitors, and power supply imped... 
10. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability
Did the circuit you designed to create a precision DC output end up as an oscillator?
After viewing this series, you should have all of the tools and information to prevent this from happening again! This session covers basic stability theory, applies it to SPICE simulations, and then realworld lab experiments. You will learn the common causes of op amp stability issues as well as common stability compensation techniques and their associated tradeoffs.
This video series covers op amp stability theory and then applies it to a handson lab which includes TINATI circuit simulations and experimentation using a real circuit with test equipment.
#  Title  Duration  

10.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability 1
This is the first of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In this training video...

08:23  This is the first of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In this training video...  
10.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability 2
This is the second of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training,...

13:04  This is the second of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training,...  
10.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability 3
This is the third of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training,...

06:30  This is the third of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training,...  
10.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability 4
This is the fourth of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training...

07:48  This is the fourth of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training...  
10.5 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability 5
This is the fifth of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training...

06:42  This is the fifth of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In the previous training...  
10.6 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability 6
This is the sixth of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In this training we discuss...

06:45  This is the sixth of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In this training we discuss...  
10.7 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Stability  Lab
This is the seventh of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In this training lab...

14:50  This is the seventh of seven videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier stability. In this training lab... 
11. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: ESD
ZAP! Is your circuit protected against the thousands of volts which could be on your finger tips?
This series explains how electrostatic discharge, or ESD, can damage semiconductor components and what kind of internal protection circuitry is present in these devices.
#  Title  Duration  

11.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
This TI Precision Labs  OpAmps training video addresses electrostatic discharge, or ESD. In this video we’ll explain how ESD can damage semiconductor...

12:56  This TI Precision Labs  OpAmps training video addresses electrostatic discharge, or ESD. In this video we’ll explain how ESD can damage semiconductor... 
12. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrical Overstress (EOS)
Oops, what's that smell: why did the "smoke test" fail?
This series covers the causes of electrical overstress and introduces several methods that can be used to improve and test circuit robustness against electrical overstress. All of the examples in this series show opamp circuits, but the methods used could be applied to other components as well.
#  Title  Duration  

12.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrical Overstress (EOS) 1
This is the first of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...

09:01  This is the first of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...  
12.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrical Overstress (EOS) 2
This is the second of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...

08:21  This is the second of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...  
12.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrical Overstress (EOS) 3
This is the third of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...

10:39  This is the third of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...  
12.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Electrical Overstress (EOS) 4
This is the fourth of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this...

11:20  This is the fourth of four videos in the TI Precision Labs – Op Amps curriculum that addresses operational amplifier electrical overstress (EOS). In this... 
13. TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Basics of Multiplexers
Did you know that distortion can be impacted by multiplexer onresistance flatness? Do you know how input signal settling is impacted by multiplexer oncapacitance?
In addition to answering those questions, we will show you nearly everything you ever wanted to know about the ac and dc characteristics of multiplexers:
 Learn how MUX onresistance effects gain and nonlinearity when used with amplifier circuits.
 Use simulation to see how the settling behavior of multiplexers is affected by MUX on capacitance.
 Study how leakage current can impact the offset error and how source impedance impacts this problem.
 Understand how charge injection can introduce errors, and how this is impacted by the size of the load capacitance.
This video series covers multiplexer ac and dc specifications, and reinforces this theory with detailed problems and TINATI circuit simulations.
#  Title  Duration  

13.1 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Multiplexers 1  OnResistance Flatness and OnCapacitance
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of the DC performance parameters of multiplexers. The goal of this series is to understand...

10:27  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of the DC performance parameters of multiplexers. The goal of this series is to understand...  
13.2 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Multiplexers 2  Leakage Current and Charge Injection
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of leakage current and charge injection. The goal of this series is to understand...

10:39  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of leakage current and charge injection. The goal of this series is to understand...  
13.3 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Multiplexers 3  Bandwidth, ChanneltoChannel Crosstalk, OffIsolation and THD+Noise
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of multiplexer bandwidth, channeltochannel crosstalk, offisolation, and THD+Noise...

12:57  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of multiplexer bandwidth, channeltochannel crosstalk, offisolation, and THD+Noise...  
13.4 
TI Precision Labs  Op Amps: Multiplexers 4  Electrical Overstress
This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of multiplexer electrical overstress conditions. The goal of this series is to understand...

18:08  This TI Precision Labs  Op Amps training video provides an overview of multiplexer electrical overstress conditions. The goal of this series is to understand... 